Word Formation Characteristics of Calques (Adjectives, Verbs, Adverbs)

Author:
Marija Turk
Email:
mturk@ffri.hr
Summary
Word formation types and manner of calquing adjectives, verbs and adverbs based on models from various languages are shown in the article. The choice of word formation method depends on the word formation specimen of the foreign language and word formation legalities of the Croatian language. Modifications are subject to restrictions imposed by Croatian word formation rules. In comparison with nouns, calqued adjectives, verbs and adverbs have not influenced the emergence of new word formation types. Calquing these types of words triggered changes at a semantic level of the Croatian language (polysemy, homonymy, synonomy), expanded the adjectival role of the participle and its usage in new collocations and with verbs partly different verbal government.
Key words
word formation; calque; adjectives; verbs; adverbs; Croatian; foreign language
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