A SHORT INTRODUCTION TO THE RICH KAJKAVIAN GRAMMARIAN TRADITION

Author:
Barbara Štebih Golub
Email:
bstebih@ihjj.hr
Summary
The corpus of grammars of Kajkavian literary language comprises six grammar books: Ivan Vitković‘s Gründe der Croatischen Sprache zum Nutzen der deütschen Jugend verfasset (1779), Ignac Szentmártony‘s Einleitung zur kroatischen Sprachlehre für Teutsche (1783, Varaždin), Franjo Kornig’s Kroatische Sprachlehre oder Anweisung für Deutsche, die kroatische Sprache in kurzer Zeit gründlich zu erlernen, nebst beigefügten Gesprächen und verschiedenen Übungen (1795, Zagreb), Josip Ernest Matijević‘s Horvacka gramatika oder Kroatische Sprachlehre zum Gebrauche aller jener, besonders der Deutschen Kroatiens Einwohner, welche Lust haben, die kroatische Sprache gründlich zu erlernen (1810, Zagreb), Josip Đurkovečki‘s Jezičnica horvatsko-slavinska za hasen Slavincev i potreboču ostaleh stranskoga jezika narodov – Kroatisch-Slavische Sprachlehre zum Nutzen der Slavonier und Gebrauche der übrigen auswärtigen Nationen (1826, Budapest) and Ignac Kristijanović‘s Grammatik der kroatischen Mundart (1837, Zagreb). They are often excluded from the research of Croatian pre-Illyrian grammar books, since they tend to be proclaimed marginal and irrelevant for the Croatian language history. Based on the research of particular Kajkavian grammar books and their comparison, this paper proposes an overview that indicates the typical and common grounds for Kajkavian grammar books and emphasizes the most prominent and important differences. Special attention is given to the places which were problematic not only for the Kajkavian, but also for Croatian grammarians in general (for example, the number and inventory of parts of speech, cases, tenses and modality). It is determined that the authors of Kajkavian grammar books were familiar with the works of their predecessors, that they accepted their rules, references, and even examples, and this has resulted in numerous common places in the grammar books. Thus, we find it reasonable to speak about the existence of Kajkavian grammarian tradition. Comparison with non-Kajkavian grammar books (Relković or I. A. Brlić) has shown that the authors of Kajkavian grammar books were familiar with non-Kajkavian grammar books, that they relied on them, and that they accepted their solutions, which can be considered evidence for the affiliation of Kajkavian grammar books with the pre-Illyrian grammar tradition.
Key words
Kajkavian literary language; Kajkavian grammar books
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