Joining of Idioms That Include a Name of Piece of Clothing as Their Component to Conceptual Clusters (On the Examples From Croatian and German)

Ivana Benzon
An empirical cognitive-conceptual analysis is conducted on a corpus of German and Croatian idioms which include a piece of clothing as their component. First, we established which clothes images are present in the idioms of the two languages and to what extent the frequency of those images corresponds in the two languages. Then, the idioms were joined to conceptual clusters which represent four thematic wholes of the real world: ‘man’s psychic life’; ‘man’s relationship to other people and to the surrounding world’; ‘man’s physical life’; ‘abstract concepts’. Descriptors were joined to the idioms of each conceptual cluster, which helped us describe the idioms more precisely. In the end we established concepts to which the most frequent images of the two languages are joined. The paper is enriched with many examples of usage of German and Croatian idioms collected from daily papers, weeklies and monthlies, as well as from the TV programme in the last four years.
Key words
phraseology; idiom; clothes image; conceptual cluster; concept; descriptor; German language; Croatian language.
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